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The Semi Derelict Medieval Town of Buje

Buje, a medieval town in Croatia, is a place of rich history that has been moulded by the passage of time. From the Bronze Age to the present day, this town has survived many changes, and has adapted to become the beautiful and unique place it is today.

The area is blessed with a unique micro-climate, unspoiled nature, freshwater and warm Mediterranean sun, which has made it a haven for producing excellent wines, olive oil, and the king of the woods – the truffle.

The territory of Buje is rich in agrotourism, vacation homes, and excellent restaurants and taverns, offering an array of delicious foods and drinks.

The first evidence of life in the Buje territory dates back to the Palaeolithic Age, and prehistoric structures were built during the Bronze Age. The Histri, who were known for their citadels, inhabited the region until the Romans arrived.

During this time, some villages disappeared, while others became towns. The Roman rule left its mark, evidenced in the names of some villages. After the fall of Rome, the Ostrogoths took over and were later replaced by the Byzantines, who constructed defense systems to enhance village security.

The Franks arrived in the 8th century, and Buje fell under the rule of the patriarch of Aquileia in the 10th century, when the name Buje was first mentioned.

The Middle Ages marked a period of intense construction of houses, palaces, towers and walls. In the early 15th century, Buje fell under the rule of Venice, which destroyed the city’s walls and towers but built new buildings.

The 15th century brought the immigration of Croats, Albanians, and Montenegrins who were fleeing from the Turks. With the fall of Venice in the late 18th century, the area came under brief French rule and later became part of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, during which the famous Parenzana Railway was built, and the economy flourished.

After the First World War, the Buje area was occupied by Italy, and the local population faced a difficult period until the Second World War when the Italians joined the Germans.

Liberation came for the locals in 1945, and Buje and its surroundings became part of the Free Zone of Trieste and soon after an integral part of the former Yugoslavia. With its declaration of independence in 1991, Buje became an integral part of Croatia.

Today, Buje is a beautiful and unique place that combines a rich history, excellent food and drink, and activities for people of all interests. Visitors can enjoy long walks, interrupted only by the pleasure of eating and drinking or engage in activities such as cycling, riding, caving, and many other adventures.

Formerly known as the Guard of Istria, Buje is a place of rich history which dates back to the Bronze Age. It is a place which remoulds itself through stone castles, raises itself in Roman roads, becomes stronger in its medieval buildings and has survived the lavish Venetian days and Austro-Hungarian pride.

The combination of this rich country, the unique micro-climate, the unspoiled nature, the abundance of sweet freshwater and the warm Mediterranean sun is of an exceptional value that abundantly bestows its inhabitants.

The territory of Buje is home to excellent wines that are known far and wide. This is home to one of the finest extra virgin olive oils in the world and of the king of the woods – His Majesty the Truffle. Due to its unique beauty and plenitude of gifts, the territory of Bujština is rich in agrotourism, vacation homes, and excellent restaurants and taverns.

Here you will taste smoked ham dried in the Bora wind and dishes with game, white truffles, fragrant vegetables, homemade pasta, wild asparagus and mushrooms, spiced with olive oil and excellent wines.

Lovers of a more relaxed holiday can enjoy long walks interrupted only by the pleasure of eating and drinking. The more active will be engaged in activities such as cycling, riding, caving and many other adventures.

The existence of life in the Buje territory was first recorded in the Palaeolithic Age. In the Bronze Age, prehistoric structures were built, about twenty of which were found. Histri inhabited citadels until the arrival of the Romans.

During that period, some villages disappeared while others became towns. In addition to archaeological findings, the Roman rule left its traces in the names of villages such as Castelvenere, dedicated to a pagan goddess.

After the Fall of Rome in the 5th century, the Ostrogoths came to power and then were replaced by the Byzantines in the 6th century. During that period, defence systems for enhancing the security of villages were built.

Franks came in the 8th century and the inhabitants were introduced to a new feudal system. Buje fell under the rule of the patriarch of Aquileia in the 10th century, when the name of Buje was mentioned for the first time. The Middle Ages were marked by the intense construction of houses, palaces, towers and walls.

In the early 15th century, after a long period of resistance, Buje finally fell under the rule of Venice, which destroyed the city’s walls and towers but built new buildings. This century brought the immigration of Croats, Albanians and Montenegrins who were fleeing from the Turks.

With the fall of Venice in the late 18th century, the area came under a brief French rule and later became part of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, when the famous Parenzana Railway was built and the economy flourished.

After the First World War, the Buje area was occupied by Italy and the local population was hit by a difficult period which lasted until the Second World War, when the Italians joined the Germans.

Liberation came for the locals in 1945 when Buje and its surroundings became part of the Free Zone of Trieste and soon after an integral part of the former Yugoslavia. With its declaration of independence in 1991, Buje became an integral part of Croatia as well.

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